Automated graphic assessment of respiratory activity is superior to pulse oximetry and visual assessment for the detection of early respiratory depression during therapeutic upper endoscopy

Recommendations from the American Society of Anesthesiologists suggest that monitoring for apnea using the detection of exhaled carbon dioxide is a useful adjunct to the assessment of the ventilatory status of patients undergoing sedation and analgesia.

Magnifying endoscopy combined with narrow band imaging system for early gastric cancer: correlation of vascular pattern with histopathology (including video)

Narrow band imaging (NBI) system is used to capture clear images of microvessels on mucosal surfaces. This study measured the correlation between the magnified images obtained with the NBI system and the histological findings, especially with regard to the vascular pattern.

Capnography monitoring of non-anesthesiologist provided sedation during percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement: A prospective, controlled, randomized trial

A number of studies were able to show a reduction of hypoxemia episodes during procedural sedation through the use of capnography (CA) The study compared standard monitoring (SM) versus SM with additional CA surveillance.

A novel diagnostic method for evaluation of vascular lesions in the digestive tract using infrared fluorescence endoscopy

After intravenous administration of indocyanine green (ICG), infrared endoscopy is used to examine vascular lesions such as esophageal varices. No previous study has compared the sensitivity of infrared fluorescence endoscope (IRFE) with that of IRE.

Endoscopic tissue shielding to prevent bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection: a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial

The study compared the PGA shielding method with polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets and fibrin glue for the prevention of adverse events after ESD. Post-ESD bleeding occurred in three patients (4.5%) in the PGA group and in four patients (5.7%) in a control group.

Computer-assisted personalized sedation for upper endoscopy and colonoscopy: a comparative, multicenter randomized study

SEDASYS System could provide endoscopist/nurse teams a safe and effective on-label means to administer propofol to effect minimal to moderate sedation during routine colonoscopy or EGD.

Pharyngeal anesthesia during sedated EGDs: is "the spray" beneficial? A meta-analysis and systematic review

Pharyngeal anesthesia is widely used as an adjunct to sedation during an upper endoscopy. This study evaluated the effectiveness of pharyngeal anesthesia in improving patient tolerance and ease of endoscope used. From a pool of 53 studies, 5 RCTs evaluated a total of 491 patients and provided interpretable data.

Efficacy, Safety, and Long-term Outcome of Serial Endoscopic Balloon Dilation for Upper Gastrointestinal Crohn's Disease-associated Strictures-A Cohort Study

Pneumatic dilation of upper GI CD-associated strictures has a high rate of short-term technical and clinical success, with moderate long-term efficacy and acceptable complication rates